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Your Human Rights and Freedoms

Rights, entitlements and freedoms that are automatically assigned to an individual simply for being human are known as human rights.

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Human rights apply to all regardless of any other considering factors, although it has been debated that some human rights are implied and the concept is too vague. The Human Rights Act 1998, however, further specified the considered components of the act.

What are human rights?

Human rights are to be respected both by members of the public and authority officials. The rights allocated by law are:

  • freedom of expression
  • the right to life
  • the right to liberty
  • the right to a fair trial
  • freedom of thought, conscience and religion, and freedom to express your beliefs
  • the right to peaceful enjoyment of your property
  • freedom of assembly and association
  • the right to an education
  • the right to respect for private and family life
  • the right to participate in free elections
  • the right to marry and to start a family
  • the right not to be discriminated against in respect of these rights and freedoms
  • freedom from torture and degrading treatment
  • the right not to be punished for something that wasn’t a crime when you did it
  • freedom from slavery and forced labour
  • the right not to be subjected to the death penalty

In the event of the prevention or obstruction of any rights and freedoms by a member of the public or official, the action would be considered a breach of The Human Rights Act, allowing the right to an effective solution.

How do human rights affect UK law?

Specifics of human rights entitlements are given in The Human Rights Act 1998, which gives legal weight in the UK to primary entitlements within the European Convention on Human Rights.

Human rights vary in proportional value within day to day life, some areas provide important legal additions to which govern social behaviour, and others preside over a larger, more immediate scale.

An example of a day to day right would be ‘the right to respect for private and family life’ and a more immediate entitlement would be ‘the right to live’.

The only condition on any human rights is an individual’s human rights can’t infringe on any other person’s human rights. The only unconditional human right by law is ‘the right not to be tortured’.

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